The South Commission’s report “The Challenge to the South” was launched in 1990

3 August 1990: The Report recommended creating a South Secretariat that would provide the technical foundation (analysis, research and negotiation support) needed by the South for working collectively. The South Centre was established in November 1990 to follow-up the Report’s recommendations and became an intergovernmental organization established by treaty in 1995.

31 July 1995: The Agreement to Establish the South Centre entered into force

The South Centre was established as a permanent intergovernmental organization mandated to provide policy advice, undertake research and analysis, support coordinated actions by developing countries in negotiating processes, and promote South-South cooperation.

“As the premier source of research on issues affecting the South, and growing out of the work and experience of the South Commission, the (South) Centre plays a role whose value for the developing world cannot be underestimated”

Nelson Mandela, in his speech to the Second Meeting of the Council of Representatives of the South Centre held in New York, in 1998.

The South Conference reviews the challenges ahead

The annual South Conference of the South Centre has become a major event for developing countries to review the state of the world, their development prospects, and the continuing and emerging challenges that the South faces.

North-South Dialogue

The South Centre seeks to promote North-South dialogue on issues of common global concern on the basis of equality and mutual respect.

Promoting the South at international events

The South Centre participates in major international conferences, particularly those supporting South-South cooperation such as summits of the G77 and China, the Non-Aligned Movement and the Asian-African Conference. In the organizations where the South Centre holds observer status (UN General Assembly, WHO, UNCTAD, UNFCCC, WTO, WIPO among many others) it promotes the views and perspectives of the South.

Providing analysis on global macroeconomic and financial issues

The South Centre carries out forward-thinking analyses of global macroeconomic and financial issues, highlighting the development implications and prospects for the South and providing recommendations for appropriate action.

Addressing the challenges of climate change

The South Centre is actively engaged in the climate change and sustainable development negotiations where it promotes the development rights and interests of developing countries.

Making the global trade system fairer and inclusive

Making the trade and investment systems fair and inclusive to the benefit of all its members has always been one of the main priorities of the South Centre. In this regard, the South Centre assists developing countries in understanding the development implications of WTO, free trade and investment agreements.

Innovation, health, and development of the South

Innovation, health and development are inter-linked issues that affect the peoples of the South. These are areas in which the South Centre continues to engage in to identify specific concerns  of developing countries (such as access to medicines, transfer of technology, antibiotic resistance, biodiversity protection, intellectual property rights).

Helping create future leaders of the South

Creating an informed South for the future depends on providing information and analyses to young future developing country policymakers.


The South Centre provides seminars and workshops to expose students, policymakers, and other professionals from the South to multilateral policy issues that affect the development of their countries.

South Unity in diversity, South Progress through cooperation

Promoting South-South cooperation through cooperation with the South’s other institutions such as the G77, Non-Aligned Movement (NAM), and regional organizations is an important part of the South Centre’s work.

South Unity in action

Promoting South-South cooperation in practice at multilateral policy negotiations is a key aspect of the South Centre’s work, as it seeks to build South unity and progress.

From the South Commission to the South Centre

The journey continues in strengthening the multilateral intergovernmental policy research institution of the South towards South Unity and South Progress.


Map shows South Centre Membership as of 2015.

Chukwuma Charles SOLUDO (Board Member, 2011- present)

Chukwuma Charles Soludo, Nigeria, was the Governor of the Central Bank of Nigeria from 2004 to 2009. He also served as the Chief Economic Adviser to the President of Nigeria and was the CEO of the Nigerian National Planning Commission from 2003 to 2004. He was the Founding Chairman of the African Finance Corporation and has been a consultant to 18 international organisations including the World Bank, the International Monetary Fund (IMF), UNCTAD, the European Union, the African Union, the United States Agency for International Development (USAID), the Department for International Development of the United Kingdom,  the Asian Development Bank (ADB), the International Development Research Centre (IDRC) of Canada; the United Nations; the United Nations Industrial Development Organization (UNIDO).

He was the founding Executive Director of the African Institute for Applied Economics, Enugu, and has been serving as Chairman of its Board of Directors since 2008.

Mr. Soludo has had a distinguished career as an academic and has authored numerous books and articles. He was professor of Economics at the University of Nigeria; visiting professor at Swarthmore College, USA; Smuts research fellow at Cambridge University; visiting scholar at University of Warwick and Oxford University; visiting fellow at Brookings Institution, Washington, DC; research fellow at UN-Economic Commission for Africa, Ethiopia; visiting scholar at IMF research department; among others.

He was appointed by the President of UN General Assembly to the United Nations Commission of Experts on the Global Economic and Financial Crisis during 2008 and 2009 chaired by Professor Joseph Stiglitz. He served as Alternate Governor at the IMF and World Bank’s Board of Governors during 2004 and 2009.

For his accomplishments in government, Mr. Soludo has earned scores of national and international awards, including being the triple winner of the African and Global Central Bank Governor of the year, 2005, 2006, and 2007 (by the FT-Banker; Euromoney, Annual Meetings Daily), and the Financial Times of London has described him as “a great reformer”. The Federal Government of Nigeria has conferred the third highest national honour (Commander of the Order of the Federal Republic, CFR) on him in 2006. His Alma Mater, the University of Nigeria in 2004 honoured him with a special award as the “Most Distinguished Alumnus of the University”.

Mr. Soludo currently serves on the Chief Economist Advisory Council (CEAC) of the World Bank, Washington, DC. He is also aconsultant and strategic adviser to institutional investors in Africa; a member of the Technical Advisory Group of the Natural Resource Charter, Oxford; and member or Chairman of Boards of several companies.

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