Climate Policy Brief 15, November 2014

Climate Change, Technology and Intellectual Property Rights: Context and Recent Negotiations

I. Technology Transfer, Sustainable Development and Climate Change

In order to meet their objectives for mitigation and adaptation in climate change, and move more towards a sustainable development pathway, developing countries need access to environmentally-sound technology at affordable prices.

The central role of technology transfer to developing countries as well as the development of endogenous technology in these countries were recognised in the 1992 Rio Summit, as well as in its related conventions including the United Nations Framework Convention on Climate Change (UNFCCC). It was recognised that technology transfer had to be undertaken beyond the commercial arena, and that a pro-active role of public policy at national and international levels is required to enable developing countries’ access to technology.

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