Civil Society (CSOs)

SouthViews No. 200, 16 June 2020

Making Covid-19 Medical Products Affordable: Voluntary Patent Pool and TRIPS Flexibilities

By Sudip Chaudhuri

The proposal of Costa Rica to create a voluntary pool mechanism for medical products and technologies for COVID-19 has evoked huge interest and optimism. The World Health Organization (WHO) and Costa Rica have followed it up through a Solidarity Call emphasizing the need for voluntary licensing on non-exclusive basis to the Medicines Patent Pool (MPP). The success of a voluntary pool critically depends on the willingness of the patentees to join the pool. In a public health crisis, boundaries of public policy must not be determined by the patentees. MPP will work much better if the patentees are compelled or induced to join the pool. International cooperation is important in this regard. Highlighting the virtues of voluntary measures and promoting MPP without adequate emphasis on the use of compulsory licensing and other TRIPS flexibilities, actually weakens the MPP. In the light of the experience of MPP, the basic objective of this paper is to analyze to what extent voluntary pool mechanisms can be relied upon to make COVID-19 medical products affordable and accessible. It is important to appreciate the achievements of MPP. But the constraints under which it operates, and its limitations must also be kept in mind.

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SC WHO-NGO Dialogue on AMR, 9 May 2018

Title:                 Fourth Annual WHO-NGO Dialogue in Geneva

Date:                 9 May 2018

Venue:              The South Centre, Geneva

Organizers:     The South Centre, Third World Network and ReAct

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SC Consultations with the IACG Subgroup 4, 8 May 2018

Title:                 Consultations with the United Nations Interagency Coordination Group on Antimicrobial Resistance (IACG) Subgroup 4 on Innovation and Access

Date:                 8 May 2018

Venue:              The South Centre, Geneva

Organizers:     The South Centre, Third World Network and ReAct

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SC Workshop on AMR for CSOs, 7-9 May 2018

Title:                   Charting a Future Free from the Fear of Untreatable Infections

Date:                   7-9 May 2018

Venue:                The South Centre, Geneva

Organizers:        The South Centre, Third World Network and ReAct

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